Opposite of sedating
Recovery room monitoring primarily focuses on heart stability, respiratory adequacy and return to previous brain functioning.
The original forms of diazepam (Valium, a very common sedative) caused irritation of veins and phlebitis.
The procedure for sedation is usually explained to the patient by an attending clinician.
An IV access line is set in place for fluid replacement and injection of medications.
Patient positioning is important to prevent blood pressure changes or nerve damage associated with abnormal position.
Patients are also monitored for pulse rate, respiration, blood pressure, and temperature.
Benzodiazepines (common sedative medication) have a cumulative effect.
This means that if the patient has not had time to metabolize the previous dose and ingests more, then the sedative effect may increase.
The patient typically signs consent forms and the possible side effects are explained.Additionally, the heart is monitored using electrocardiography (ECG). This machine is clipped with a special probe on one finger and can measure the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide, which are reliable indicators of respiratory status.The major goal for recovery room monitoring is assessment of residual drug effects.Sedation is typically used for common diagnostic tests that require prolonged immobilization such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed axial tomography (CAT) scanning.Some cases that require sedation may also necessitate the use of analgesics to decrease pain associated with a procedure or test.